Monday, November 27, 2006

The U.S. Goat Market

In 2005, federally-inspected goat slaughter totaled 566,208 head. This does not include state-inspected (e.g. the NYC live market slaughter), custom exempt, or onfarm slaughter. The number of goats slaughtered in federally-inspected plants increased 45.1 percent between 1998 and 2003. The 2005 U.S. kid crop was 1.84 million head; thus USDA slaughter only accounted for 31 percent of the kid crop.

Unlike other livestock industries, the Northeast accounts for the majority of goat slaughter. New Jersey kills more goats than any other state: 36.9 percent. Slaughter plants in New Jersey, New York, and Pennsylvania account for almost 50 percent of USDA goat slaughter. By way of comparision, New Jersey, New York, and Pennsylvania account for less than 8 percent of USDA sheep/lamb slaughter.

Imports comprise about 50 percent of the goat market: 21.3 million pounds in 2005. Most is supplied as frozen meat from Australia. From 2000-2004, imports rose 21 percent annually. Imports have slowed in recent years. The increase from 2004 to 2005 was only 1 percent and is projected to be 4 percent this year.

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